Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)



Mountains and climate change: a global concern
Kohler T, Wehrli A and Jurek M (Eds.) (2014)

The publication was officially launched at the International Mountain Day (11.12.2014) at a side event in the Mountain Pavilion at COP 20 Lima by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and partners and features a chapter on Mountain Biodiversity by GMBA, including case studies on Iranian Mountain Flora and protective forests in mountains.

Mountain biodiversity and global change
Spehn EM, Rudmann-Maurer K, Körner C, Maselli D (Eds) (2010)

This brochure by GMBA and SDC has been prepared as a contribution to the International Year of Biodiversity IYB 2010 and the Conference of Parties of the CBD (COP10) in Japan in October 2010. It aims to highlight the role and importance of mountain biodiversity for the whole of humanity. With its attractive photographs, the publication intends to sensitize its readers to the beauty and significance of mountain biodiversity.

Mountains and climate change, from understanding to action
Kohler T and Maselli D (Eds) (2009)

GMBA participated in the publication on “Mountains and Climate Change – From Understanding to Action”, which was officially launched during COP15, produced by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the Centre for Development and Environment at the University of Bern.

Global mountain biodiversity assessment
Spehn EM and Körner C (Eds) (2005)

The brochure offers fast facts on mountain biodiversity and top reasons to promote conservation and sustainable use of mountain ecosystems. It also provides information on current GMBA projects, activities, and its structure.

Mountain biodiversity matters
Körner C, Spehn EM, Messerli B (2001)

The brochure contains the executive summary of the 1st International Conference on Mountain Biodiversity Assessment 2000 (Rigi-Kaltbad, Switzerland), published by the Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT in cooperation with the United Nations University UNU (Tokyo, Japan)

Scientific Contributions

Effects of climate change and how to manage them
Eva Spehn (2011) Effects of climate change and how to manage them. ICIMOD periodical 60:40-43, Earth Observation and Climate Change

Mountain ecosystems are characterised by steep environmental gradients, including steep gradients of temperature and moisture. They are islands of high-elevation habitats, isolated by the surrounding lowlands. Changes in environmental conditions are especially threatening endemic species that occur in limited areas, such as on mountain peaks. Of these changes, shorter periods of snow cover below the tree line and changes in water availability may be more important drivers of change than temperature change itself. The likely losers from climate warming among plant species in the mountains are late successional species, species with small,restricted populations, and species confined to the summits or the plains; in comparison, ruderal species (weeds), species with large, widespread populations, and mid-slope species are likely to be winners.

Beyond counting: biodiversity drives system Earth
C Körner (2008) Beyond counting: Biodiversity drives system Earth. ESSP newsletter France/Lettre pigb-pmrc France, 21: 90-97.

Publication of a lecture given by C. Körner at "Global Environmental Change : Regional Challenges. An Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP) Open Science Conference", 09-12 November 2006, Beijing, China.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: chapter on mountain ecosystems
Körner C, Ohsawa M et al. 2005. Mountain Systems. Chapter 24. In: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005. Current State and Trends: Findings of the Condition and Trends Working Group. Ecosystems and Human Well-being, Vol. 1, Island Press, Washington DC.

GMBA coordinated and contributed to the chapter on status and trends in Mountain Ecosystems of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. The chapter assesses the available knowledge on physical, biological, economic, and social conditions in the world's mountain areas and describes their likely future.