Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)

A standardized delineation of the world's mountains

DOWNLOAD the latest version of the GMBA inventory

Applications and citations

The GMBA mountain inventory can be applied for number of reasons ranging from comparative research in mountain biodiversity, to the spatial placement of biodiversity inventories, and to conservation planning. Example include:


This inventory is based on the GMBA definitions of mountains and climatic belts. Details on the polygon delineation and additional information are available in Körner et al. 2017


General information about the various files and formats, as well as log files of changes between versions are available in the online repository.

  • V1.0 includes 1003 mountain ranges with their name, coordinates, surface of mountain terrain stratified by dominant life zones, and human population estimates
  • V1.1 (latest) is identical to V1.0 but a number of polygon names in English have been corrected for typos and mistakes