Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)

Mountain biodiversity science

Floral biodiversity in mountains

GMBA supports and facilitates mountain biodiversity science via working groups and individual projects. It promotes inter-and transdisciplinary science in various thematic areas.

Mountain biodiversity science: thematic priorities

Globally integrated assessment and monitoring of biodiversity (species, populations, traits) requires interdisciplinary research and a close collaboration between observational, remote sensing, and modelling communities that are collecting and using spatio-temporally explicit biodiversity or environmental data to capture, report on, and predict ongoing changes, and to develop integrated knowledge products (e.g. map layers).

Current efforts focus on providing the mountain biodiversity community with a platform for mountain biodiversity data visualization, on supporting long-term monitoring efforts, and on bridging gaps with the remote sensing community.

Current working groups

Past working groups

Natural disasters in the form of landslides, floods, and avalanches strike mountains each year, affecting well-defined areas, their habitat diversity, and their ecosystem dynamics. Habitat and community regeneration after such natural disturbances is generally relatively fast. In contrast, climate change and human impact dominate large areas with often irreversible effects. Of all global change impacts on mountain biodiversity, land use is likely the most important factor.

Current efforts focus on improving existing knowledge on the protection, management, and sustainable use of mountain biodiversity in the face of global change, and on mountain social-ecological systems.

Current working groups

Past working groups

Developing effective valuation, policy, governance, and management approaches to safeguard the biodiversity underpinning human well-being in mountains and achieve international sustainable development agendas requires a common understanding of the interactions between nature and people particular to given mountain ranges.

Current efforts focus on improving existing knowledge on the importance of mountain biodiversity for ecosystem functions and services, and ultimately for human well-being in mountains and beyond.

Current working group

Current project